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Secondary education in Lithuania and Germany


Introduction. Secondary education in Germany. Secondary education in Lithuania. Comparison. Conclusion.


These days education is truly usefful and very requirement for every person. Education is the key to the person‘s career. Everybody want to have a good job, nice car, big house. But not for all people it it possible. Without education is not possible.
So it is very important to now what education structure and system exist in your native country.
We live in Europ, so it is very needful to now better our neighbourhoods. In this paper I will try to discus about one of Europ cuontry, abuot Germany. Precise about this country’s secondary education system.
I will discuss about education not only in Germany, but also in Lithuania. I will try to cover what system of secondary education exist in both countrys.
The aim of this paper is to find all differences and similarities between these two countries and try to compare there education.
I think that it is very interesting to now how students live in otfer countrys, what kind of subjects they are studying,what kind of schools they are going to, and so on. I wil try to answer to these questions:
1. What structure exist in both countries;
2. What conditionals are for pupil in schools;
3. What is the main idea of secondary education?

The school year:
In Germany school years starts on 1 st August and are divided into two semestrs. Ther are typically 12 weeks of holidays, in adition to public holidays.
There is a grade scale ranging from 1 to 6, with 1 meaning "Excellent" and 6 for "Failed".(6)
"Students who do not measure up to minimum standarts have to repeat a year." (6)
In Germany there about 12 obligatory subjects: two foreign languages, physics, biology, chemistry (for at least 5, 7, 3 years respectively) mathematics, music, art, history, german, geography (PE for 9 years). (3) Few afternoon activities are offered at German schools-mainly chooir or orchestra, also sometimes sports. (6)

The system of education in Germany:
In Germany in theory, citizens are able to choose the type of education they want and are given access to their preferred occupation or profession.’’The goal of education policy is therefore to provide each citizen with opportunities to grow personally, professionally, and as in accordance with his or her abillities and preferences. ’’ (4) The lander are to provide equal educational opportunities and the best quality education for all throug a variety of educational institutions. (4)
" Education is free and in most of school is coeducational. ’’ (4) Except collage, graduate, and postgraduate students pay a nominal fee, which includes extensive rights to health care and other social benefits. Almoust all elementery and secondary schools and about 95 percent of higher education institutions are public.
In Germany secondary education, the third level of education, is divided into two levels:
1. junior secondary education ( or restate intermediate secondary education)
2. senior secondary education
Upon comletion of the Grundschule, studens between the ages of ten and sixteen attend one of the following types of secondary schools: The Hauptschule, the Realschule, the Gymnasium, the Gesamtshule, or the Sonderschule. (2) Students who complete this level of education receive an intermediate school certificate.(Adults who attend two years of classes in evening schools have a posibility also earn these intermrdiate school certificates, which permit further study.(4) ...

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